Exploring the Wonders of the Galápagos Islands

Unique Archipelago Formation
Unique Archipelago Formation
The Galápagos Islands emerged from the seabed through tectonic and volcanic activities. They are located on the Nazca Plate, moving eastward, colliding with the South American Plate, making them one of the most active volcanic areas.
Darwin's Evolutionary Laboratory
Darwin's Evolutionary Laboratory
Charles Darwin visited the Galápagos in 1835. The unique fauna, particularly finches with varying beak shapes, helped him develop his theory of natural selection, a cornerstone of evolutionary biology.
World's Second Largest Reserve
World's Second Largest Reserve
Established in 1959, the Galápagos Marine Reserve is the second largest marine reserve worldwide. It's an underwater realm of diverse ecosystems, protecting a plethora of species, from sea lions to hammerhead sharks.
Intriguing Pink Iguanas
Intriguing Pink Iguanas
The Galápagos Islands are home to the world's only known population of pink iguanas, discovered recently in 2009. These rare creatures reside on Wolf Volcano and are critically endangered due to their limited range.
Galápagos Giant Tortoises
Galápagos Giant Tortoises
These islands are named after the giant tortoises ('galápago' in Spanish). These long-lived reptiles can weigh over 400kg and are considered a symbol of the Galápagos, playing a crucial role in the ecosystem.
Conservation Challenges
Conservation Challenges
The islands face threats from invasive species, tourism, and climate change. Efforts to protect and manage this UNESCO World Heritage site are vital for preserving its unique biodiversity and ecological importance.
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How did the Galápagos Islands form?
Sea level changes and erosion
Tectonic and volcanic activities
Glacial carving during ice ages