Microsoft's Humble Beginnings
Founded in 1975 by Bill Gates and Paul Allen, Microsoft started as a small software vendor for Altair 8800 microcomputers. The company's name is a portmanteau of 'microcomputer' and 'software'.
First Operating System Success
Microsoft's major breakthrough was MS-DOS, developed for IBM's personal computer in 1981. This operating system's success established Microsoft as a dominant player in computer software industry.
Introduction of Windows
Windows 1.0 was launched in 1985, offering a graphical interface for MS-DOS users. While not immediately successful, subsequent versions laid the foundation for the ubiquitous Windows operating system.
Innovating Office Productivity
Microsoft Office was released in 1989, integrating word processing, spreadsheet, and presentation software. It revolutionized productivity and remains the gold standard for office suites.
Internet Explorer and Antitrust
Microsoft faced antitrust cases over Internet Explorer's dominance in the 1990s. The legal battle was pivotal, shaping the company's future strategies and competition laws in the tech industry.
Xbox Gaming Revolution
Entering the gaming console market in 2001 with the Xbox, Microsoft diversified its portfolio. Xbox Live was a pioneer in online gaming, changing how people interact with games.
Embracing Open Source
Contrary to its initial stance, Microsoft now embraces open source, acquiring GitHub in 2018. It's a strategic shift demonstrating Microsoft's commitment to developer communities and collaboration.