DBT: Brief Overview
Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) is a form of psychotherapy blending cognitive-behavioral techniques with mindfulness strategies. It's primarily used for treating borderline personality disorder, chronic suicidality, and self-harmful behaviors.
DBT's Four Skill Modules
DBT emphasizes four key skill sets: mindfulness, distress tolerance, emotion regulation, and interpersonal effectiveness. These skills help individuals accept themselves and change harmful patterns.
Mindfulness: Core of DBT
Mindfulness, the practice of being fully aware and present, is the foundational skill in DBT. It promotes non-judgmental observation, allowing individuals to detach from emotional distress.
Distress Tolerance: Crisis Survival
Distress tolerance teaches coping with painful situations through techniques like self-soothing and reality acceptance, aiming to resist impulsive actions during crises.
Emotion Regulation: Managing Intensity
Emotion regulation involves understanding and naming emotions, reducing vulnerability, and increasing positive experiences to better manage emotional intensity.
Interpersonal Effectiveness Skills
This module focuses on navigating conflict and interactions assertively, maintaining self-respect, and building relationships, essential for everyday social scenarios.
DBT's Unexpected Origins
DBT was created by Dr. Marsha Linehan, who initially struggled to treat highly suicidal individuals using traditional cognitive-behavioral therapy, which led to the development of DBT's unique approach.