Population Surge Overview
India's population surpassed 1.3 billion in 2021, making it the second-most populous country. Rapid growth stresses resources, intensifying the demand for food, water, and housing, while impacting healthcare and education systems.
Urbanization and Congestion
High population growth fuels urban migration, leading to overcrowded cities. By 2030, Indian cities are expected to house about 40% of the population, resulting in traffic congestion, inadequate waste management, and increased pollution.
Resource Scarcity Challenge
Population growth in India escalates competition for water, energy, and land resources. India is home to 18% of the world's population but has only 4% of its water resources, leading to potential water scarcity crises.
Employment and Economy
While a large workforce can drive economic growth, it also requires ample job creation. India needs to generate around 8.1 million jobs annually to keep pace with the population increase.
With finite arable land, population growth puts pressure on agriculture to produce more food. Indian farmers face the challenge of improving yields sustainably amidst changing climate conditions.
Healthcare System Strain
India's healthcare infrastructure is under strain with a doctor-patient ratio of 1:1445, far below the WHO's recommendation. Population growth exacerbates this, hindering adequate healthcare access.
Education quality and accessibility suffer under population strain. With a high student-teacher ratio, the focus shifts from quality education to simply managing the sheer number of students.