# Exploring the Rubik's Cube: From Origins to Modern Puzzling

Rubik's Cube Origins
Invented in 1974 by Ernő Rubik, the cube was originally called the 'Magic Cube'. It was designed as a model to explain three-dimensional geometry and was not initially intended as a toy.
World Record Speeds
The world record for single time on a 3x3x3 Rubik's Cube is 3.47 seconds, set by Yusheng Du (China) in 2018. Competitive speedcubing continues to produce astonishingly quick solves.
Color Scheme Standardization
The standard color scheme for the Rubik’s Cube, known as the 'Western Color Scheme,' features white opposite yellow, blue opposite green, and red opposite orange. This scheme helps with consistent solving.
Cube Notation & Algorithms
Cubers use a standard notation to denote moves (e.g., R for right, L for left). Algorithms are sequences of moves solving specific parts of the cube, crucial for efficient solving.
Variants and Modifications
There are numerous cube variants, like the 2x2 (Pocket Cube), 4x4 (Rubik's Revenge), and non-cubic puzzles like the Pyraminx. Modifications can include mirror blocks, ghost cubes, and sticker modifications.
Educational Tool Uses
Beyond recreation, the Rubik's Cube is used in STEM education to teach problem-solving, algorithms, and mathematical group theory, showcasing the cube's relevance in computational thinking.
Art with Cubes
Rubik's Cubes have been used to create 'pixel art', where thousands of cubes are arranged to form large, intricate images when viewed from a distance, showcasing the creative use of the puzzle.
Cube in Space
In 1999, Rubik's Cube was taken aboard the Space Shuttle Discovery for astronauts to solve in zero gravity.
Who invented the Rubik's Cube?
Larry Page
Ernő Rubik
Frank Lloyd Wright
Company