Marie Curie's Pioneering Research
Marie Curie was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize and the only person to win in two different sciences, Physics and Chemistry. Her work on radioactivity paved the way for groundbreaking medical treatments.
Rosalind Franklin's DNA X-ray
Rosalind Franklin's X-ray diffraction images led to the discovery of the DNA double helix structure. Her work was pivotal, yet her contribution was overshadowed by Watson and Crick, who received the Nobel Prize.
Ada Lovelace, First Programmer
Ada Lovelace, a mathematician in the 19th century, is considered the world's first computer programmer. She envisioned a future for Charles Babbage's analytical engine that predated modern computing concepts.
Chien-Shiung Wu's Parity Violation
Chien-Shiung Wu, an experimental physicist, disproved the 'law of conservation of parity’, which was considered a universal law of physics. Her findings earned the Nobel Prize for her male colleagues, not for her.
Grace Hopper's Software Revolution
Rear Admiral Grace Hopper was a computer scientist who developed the first user-friendly business computer software program in the 1940s. She also popularized the term 'debugging' for fixing computer glitches.
Hedy Lamarr, Inventive Actress
Hedy Lamarr wasn't just a Hollywood actress; she co-invented a frequency-hopping system during WWII. This technology became a precursor to modern Wi-Fi, GPS, and Bluetooth communication systems.
Jocelyn Bell Burnell's Stellar Discovery
Astrophysicist Jocelyn Bell Burnell discovered the first radio pulsars in 1967, which are highly magnetized, rotating neutron stars. The Nobel Prize for Physics in 1974 was awarded to her male supervisor for this work instead.