Cultural Traditions of Colombia

Carnival of Barranquilla
Carnival of Barranquilla
Declared a Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity, the Barranquilla Carnival blends indigenous, African, and European traditions in a vibrant four-day festivity before Lent.
Tejo, Colombia's National Sport
Tejo, Colombia's National Sport
A pre-Columbian game, Tejo involves throwing a metal puck at a clay board set with small explosive targets (mechas). It’s commonly played while enjoying local fermented corn drink, chicha.
Christmas Lights Extravaganza
Christmas Lights Extravaganza
Medellín's Christmas lighting, 'El Alumbrado', transforms the city into a wonderland with millions of LEDs. The spectacle begins in December and attracts visitors worldwide.
Black and White Carnival
Black and White Carnival
Pasto's Carnival of Blacks and Whites, in early January, celebrates diversity and history. Participants paint their faces black on one day and white on the next, symbolizing equality and integration.
Coffee Cultural Landscape
Coffee Cultural Landscape
Colombia's coffee region offers 'Fincas Cafeteras' tours to experience life on a coffee farm. This cultural tradition showcases the entire coffee-making process from seed to cup.
Holy Week Processions
Holy Week Processions
Popayán is famous for its elaborate Holy Week processions, a tradition since the 16th century. The event blends Catholic rituals with indigenous and Spanish cultural elements.
Wayuu's Matriarchal Culture
Wayuu's Matriarchal Culture
The Wayuu people of La Guajira have a strong matriarchal structure. Their traditions, such as the elaborate 'mochila' bags, reflect the centrality of women in social and economic roles.
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What title does Barranquilla Carnival hold?
UNESCO Oral Heritage Masterpiece
National Intangible Cultural Fest
UNESCO World Heritage Event