Addition: Basic Concept

Addition combines two or more numbers into a single sum. The numbers added are called 'addends'; the result is the 'sum'. The plus sign (+) denotes addition. For example, 2 + 3 equals 5.Visualizing Addition

Consider addition as combining groups. If you have 2 apples and get 3 more, you now have a total (sum) of 5 apples. Visual aids like counters or drawings can help understand the concept of adding small numbers.Subtraction: The Basics

Subtraction removes one number from another. It's the inverse of addition. The terms used are 'minuend' (the number to be subtracted from), 'subtrahend' (the number that subtracts), and 'difference' (the result). For example, 5 - 2 equals 3.Subtraction as Comparison

Subtraction can show the difference between two quantities. If you have 5 carrots and your friend has 2, subtraction reveals the difference: 5 - 2 equals a difference of 3 carrots.Properties of Addition

Addition has unique properties. It's commutative (3 + 2 equals 2 + 3) and associative (1 + (2 + 3) equals (1 + 2) + 3). These properties don't apply to subtraction, which is neither commutative nor associative.Zero's Special Role

Zero is the identity element in addition. Adding zero to any number gives back the original number (5 + 0 equals 5). In subtraction, taking zero away from a number leaves it unchanged (5 - 0 equals 5).Beyond Simple Arithmetic

Addition and subtraction are foundational for advanced math. They're used in algebra, calculus, and beyond. Even computers use these operations at their most fundamental level in binary form - adding and subtracting series of 0s and 1s.What symbol denotes addition?

Minus sign (-)

Plus sign (+)

Multiplication sign (×)

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