The Evolution of Human Migration

Early Human Migrations
Early Human Migrations
The first human migrations began about 2 million years ago from Africa. Homo erectus spread across Asia, while later, Homo sapiens ventured into Europe, Asia, and beyond, over tens of thousands of years.
Agriculture's Role
Agriculture's Role
The agricultural revolution around 10,000 years ago transformed human migration. Settling down to farm, populations grew, and humans began migrating to find fertile land, leading to the development of diverse civilizations.
Great Migrations Era
Great Migrations Era
Between the 11th and 18th centuries, the Great Migrations saw millions of people move. Driven by war, religious persecution, and economic hardship, this era shaped the demographic map of the modern world.
Transatlantic Slave Trade
Transatlantic Slave Trade
An involuntary migration, the transatlantic slave trade forcibly relocated around 12 million Africans to the Americas. This tragic displacement over centuries has had a lasting impact on global cultures and societies.
20th Century Shifts
20th Century Shifts
The 20th century witnessed massive migrations due to two World Wars, decolonization, and the rise of nation-states. People moved for safety, better opportunities, and in response to political changes.
Contemporary Migration Trends
Contemporary Migration Trends
Today, migration is shaped by globalization, conflict, climate change, and economic disparity. Increased mobility has led to multicultural societies, but also to complex challenges in migration policies and integration.
Future Migration Predictions
Future Migration Predictions
Predictions suggest climate change will redefine migration patterns, with rising sea levels and extreme weather forcing millions to relocate. The world must prepare for the socio-political impact of these climate migrants.
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When did Homo erectus start migrating?
10,000 years ago
2 million years ago
During Great Migrations