Exploring the Wonders and Challenges of Tropical Rainforests

Diversity Beyond Comparison
Diversity Beyond Comparison
Tropical rainforests are biodiversity hotspots. One 10-square-kilometer area can host over 1,500 flowering plant species and 750 types of trees, more than in all of North America.
Carbon Storage Powerhouses
Carbon Storage Powerhouses
These lush forests play a critical role in carbon sequestration, storing up to 210 gigatonnes of carbon. That's vital for combating climate change, as they mitigate carbon dioxide levels.
Unknown Species Abound
Unknown Species Abound
Scientists estimate that more than half of the species in tropical rainforests are still undiscovered. These ecosystems are treasure troves of unknown plants, insects, and microorganisms.
Medicinal Treasure Troves
Medicinal Treasure Troves
Over a quarter of modern medicines originate from tropical forest plants. Yet, less than 1% of these plants have been tested for medicinal properties, unveiling a realm of potential cures.
Extreme Ecosystem Engineers
Extreme Ecosystem Engineers
Tropical rainforests influence global weather patterns. They generate 30% of the world's oxygen and play a part in the water cycle, forming clouds and affecting rainfall across the planet.
Endangered Rainforest Realms
Endangered Rainforest Realms
Despite their importance, rainforests are critically endangered. Every minute, 40 football fields of rainforest are lost due to deforestation, threatening biodiversity and indigenous cultures.
Indigenous Knowledge Stewards
Indigenous Knowledge Stewards
Indigenous peoples are key protectors of tropical rainforests, using traditional knowledge to sustainably manage these environments. Their rights and lands are crucial in conservation efforts.
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What defines tropical rainforest biodiversity?
Flora and fauna variety
Rainfall and temperature only
Number of animal species