Black Holes: Introduction

Black holes are regions in space where gravity is so strong that nothing, not even light, can escape. Their existence was predicted by Einstein's Theory of Relativity, challenging our understanding of physics at the most fundamental level.Formation of Black Holes

Black holes form from the remnants of massive stars. When such a star depletes its nuclear fuel, it may collapse under its own gravity, undergoing a supernova explosion, leaving behind a dense core that becomes a black hole.Types of Black Holes

There are three types of black holes: stellar, supermassive, and intermediate. Stellar black holes result from collapsed stars, while supermassive black holes, millions to billions of times heavier, inhabit the centers of galaxies.Singularities and Infinities

At the core of a black hole lies the singularity, a point of infinite density where known laws of physics break down. The singularity's bizarre nature poses deep questions about the fabric of reality.Event Horizon Mysteries

The event horizon is the boundary around a black hole. Beyond this point, escape is impossible. Quantum effects here challenge our understanding, potentially allowing information to escape, as theorized by Stephen Hawking - the 'Hawking Radiation'.Black Holes and Time

Near a black hole, time behaves unusually due to intense gravitational fields. Time dilation occurs, meaning time passes slower compared to an observer at a distance, a real-world effect predicted by relativity.Black Hole Paradoxes

Black holes pose paradoxes like the 'information paradox', questioning how information is preserved when matter falls into a black hole. Resolving these paradoxes could lead to a unified theory of quantum gravity.What predicts black holes' existence?

Quantum mechanics

Einstein's Relativity

Hubble's observations

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