Soil: Earth's Living Skin
Soil, often termed as 'Earth's living skin,' is a dynamic resource. It supports life by providing an intricate ecosystem for organisms and a medium for plant growth.
Formation: A Millennia's Work
Soil formation is a slow process, taking hundreds to thousands of years to develop an inch. It's the result of weathering rocks, organic matter accumulation, and microbial activity.
Diverse Soil Composition
Soils vary globally, composed of minerals, organic matter, air, and water. Their diverse nature affects everything from agriculture to climate regulation through carbon sequestration.
Soil Erosion: A Hidden Crisis
Soil erosion is a stealthy crisis, stripping away 24 billion tonnes of fertile soil annually. It's exacerbated by deforestation, overgrazing, and poor agricultural practices.
A teaspoon of soil contains billions of microorganisms – a biodiversity hotspot that sustains the nutrient cycles essential for life on Earth.
Soil's Water Purification Role
Soil acts as a natural filter, purifying the water that percolates through it, which is crucial for maintaining clean groundwater supplies.
Threatened Soil Resources
Soil degradation is a threat to food security and ecosystem health. Sustainable practices are vital to protect this finite resource for future generations.