Agroforestry combines agriculture and forestry to create integrated and sustainable land-use systems. It involves trees alongside crops and/or livestock, enhancing biodiversity and ecosystem services.
Carbon Sequestration Boost
Trees in agroforestry systems capture atmospheric carbon effectively, storing it in biomass and soil. This carbon sequestration is key in mitigating climate change by reducing greenhouse gases.
Soil Quality Improvement
Agroforestry practices improve soil structure and fertility. Deep-rooted trees enhance nutrient cycling and reduce soil erosion, leading to increased carbon storage and resilience to extreme weather.
Agroforestry systems support a diverse range of species by providing various habitats and food sources. This diversity can stabilize ecosystems and improve productivity.
Tree canopies in agroforestry systems regulate microclimates. They moderate temperatures, increase humidity, and reduce wind speed, benefiting crops and reducing the need for irrigation.
Agroforestry offers multiple income streams from timber, fruit, nuts, and livestock products. This diversification can protect farmers from market and climate volatilities.
Policy and Challenge
Despite benefits, agroforestry adoption is slow due to lack of policy support and awareness. Incentives and education could accelerate integration for climate change mitigation.